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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: -- English - Intermediate

Modul: Past Perfect Tense

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Being a Pirate


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test being a pirate
- Test being a pirate
- Being a Pirate (PDF dokument)



The life of a pirate wasn't always full of adventure and partying. Sailing is a slow way to get somewhere, so pirates could be at the sea for months, so the conclusion is obvious, life was sometimes very, very boring, plus the food they ate was often revolting!

Pirates would collect fresh food and drink when they landed, but they didn't have fridges, freezers so the food had to be eaten quickly once they went back to sea or it would go stale and moldy. Don't want to be a pirate anymore?!

Almost all pirates stole their ships (well, piracy wasn't a legally paid job!). Once they had taken over a ship they had to convert it for pirate life, and that usually meant making more room for sailors to live on board and strengthening the decks to hold the weight of the heavy cannons.

One rule was particularly interesting. They believed that having women on board their ship was bad luck! Despite the fact, one of the most famous female pirates was Anne Bonny (born Anne Cormac). She is one of my favourite!

Anne Bonny was a native of Cork. Her father was an attorney, and, by his activity in business, rose to considerable respectability in that place. Anne was the fruit of an unlawful connexion with his own servant maid, with whom he afterwards eloped to America, leaving his own affectionate and lawful wife. There he lived with his servant in the character of his wife; but she dying, his daughter Anne superintended the domestic affairs of her father.

During her residence with her parent she was supposed to have a considerable fortune, and was accordingly addressed by young men of respectable situations in life. It happened with Anne, however, as with many others of her youth and sex, that her feelings, and not her interest, determined her choice of a husband. She married a young sailor without a shilling. The father turned his own child out of doors. Anne and her husband sailed for the island of Providence, in the hope of gaining employment.

Once there, Anne met "Calico Jack" Rackam and thinking life with him would be more exciting than with James she asked to join his crew. So, dressed in man's clothes, Anne sailed out of Providence leaving her husband behind.

After a while on board ship Anne became pregnant and since the crew still didn't know she was a woman Calico Jack suggested dropping her off in Cuba and picking her up again after she had given birth to their baby. But when he went back he found that the baby had died and that Anne was not well.

In an effort to improve their lives both Anne and Calico Jack sailed back to Providence and got a pardon for the crimes they had committed as pirates. Unfortunately for both of them James Bonny (Anne's husband) was still on the island and still angry. It didn't take long before he started stirring up trouble and eventually Anne and Calico Jack had no other option but to flee the island and return to piracy.

When it came to being a pirate Anne was as tough as many of the men, but braver and fiercer than most. It didn't take long before she was respected by her crew, even though she was a woman. During their travels Anne and Calico Jack met up with Mary Read (another pirate) and all three agreed to travel together.

That was until they were captured. All three were found guilty of piracy but because Anne was pregnant again it was decided to suspend her sentence till after the birth of her baby. A decision that may have saved her life because whilst there are records of her friend's deaths there are none for her. Some say that she fell in love with a jailer and he helped her escape, others say that her father came and paid for her release, but nobody seems sure.

 

Vocabulary

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
conclusion – zaključak
piracy – piratstvo
deck – paluba
weight – težina
cannon – top
attorney – advokat
respectability – uvaženost
connexion – povezanost
maid – služavka, sobarica
fortune – bogatstvo
crew – posada
pardon – pomilovanje, izvinjenje, oproštaj
sentence – kazna
record – zapis
jailer – tamničar
convert – preobratiti, pretvoriti
strengthen – ojačati, učvrstiti
elope – pobeći sa voljenom osobom
superintend – nadzirati, upravljati
address – obratiti se, osloviti
gain – steći, dobiti
drop off – odbaciti do,ostaviti
commit – izvršiti, počiniti
stir up – pobuniti, izazvati, dići
flee – pobeći
suspend – suspendovati, obustaviti
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
obvious – očigledan
revolting – odvratan
stale – bajat
moldy – buđav
native – rođen
considerable – znatan, priličan
affectionate – odan
lawful – zakonit
domestic – domaći, kućni
tough – snažan, odlučan
fierce – svirep
whilst – dok

 

Synonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
conclusion – outcome, result
weight –  pressure, load, mass
attorney –  lawyer, solicitor, counsel, advocate, barrister, legal adviser
respectability – reputability
connexion – connection
maid –  servant
fortune –  wealth
crew – complement, company
pardon – forgiveness
sentence – conviction
record – evidence, trace, documentation
jailer –guard, keeper, warden, jailor
convert –  change, transform, adapt, modify
strengthen –  encourage, support
elope – run away, leave, escape
superintend –  oversee, supervise, manage
address –  speak to, talk to
gain –  acquire, get, receive, achieve
commit –  do, perform, carry out, execute
stir up –  provoke, raise
flee – run away, leave, escape
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
obvious –  apparent, evident
revolting –  disgusting, shocking, offensive, appalling
stale – musty
native – home
considerable –  great, large
affectionate – loving, devoted, caring
lawful –  legal
domestic –  home, family
tough –  strong, determined
fierce –  strong, passionate, wild
whilst –  while

 

Antonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

conclusion – beginning, introduction

respectability – immorality

connexion – disconnection

fortune – poverty, misfortune

crew – individual, one

pardon – blame

sentence – praise, encouragement

record – loss

convert – stagnate, keep

strengthen – decrease, reduce, lower

elope – stay, remain, wait

superintend – disorganise, give up

address – avoid, ignore, be quiet

gain – fail, give up

commit – fail, neglect, stop

stir up – ignore, stop, suppress

flee – arrive, come, stay

suspend – persist, allow

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

obvious – hidden, indefinite, uncertain

revolting – lovable, nice, pleasant

stale – fresh, new

moldy – fresh, new

native – stranger, foreigner

considerable – inconsiderable, insgnificant

affectionate – cold, cool, unsociable

lawful – illegal, prohibited

domestic – foreign, alien

tough – flexible, loose, weak

fierce – calm, pleasant, nice

 

 


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