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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: -- English - Pre-Intermediate

Modul: Relative Pronouns

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Voodoo


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test voodoo
- Test voodoo
- Voodoo (PDF dokument)



When people hear the word "voodoo", the first things they think of are animal sacrifices, evil zombies, dolls stuck with pins, and dances to the rhythm of drums.

Voodoo is not a dark evil force, it is a religion. The exact origins of Voodoo are not known, but its roots lie in West Africa.  And this religion is about 6000 to 10,000 years old. The cradle of Voodoo is the nation of Benin, once known as Dahomey, which means "spirit" in the local language.

Voodoo, which was once banned in Benin, is now an official religion there, with about four million followers in that nation alone. Forms of Voodoo are also practiced in other African nations, the Caribbean, South America, New Orleans, and elsewhere.


Voodoo came to America on slave ships. Slaves turned to the familiar spirits of their ancestors to help themselves survive the painful transition to the Christian religion which they were expected to adopt. Slave owners would often destroy altars and other things important for the religion of voodoo because they wanted to destroy the will of the slaves.

Relationships between people and the spirits are the essence of voodoo. This religion tells that the world is alive and that there are energies and spirits in nature. There is only one god, who is called Papa Bon Dieux, and he allows the spirits to influence human activity.  These spirits that interact with people are called loa. The loa are the spirits of ancestors, animals, natural forces, and the spirits of good and evil. They possess a person who goes in a trance and he or she dances and sings to a steady but often quite complex drumming. Possessed persons do not remember what they did when the spirit leaves their body.

Voodoo followers do not just gather to communicate with the loa, they also gather to honour loa and their god.

Like other religions, Voodoo is a guiding force in communities where it is practiced.

Vocabulary

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
sacrifice - žrtva
zombie - zombi
pin - igla
rhythm - ritam
drums - bubnjevi
force - sila
religion - religija
origin - poreklo
root - koren
cradle - kolevka
nation - država, nacija
spirit - duh
follower - poklonik
slave - rob
ancestor - predak
transition - prelazak, tranzicija
altar - oltar
essence - srž, bit, esencija
nature - priroda
god - bog
activity - aktivnost
trance - trans
drumming - dobovanje
community - zajednica
stick (stuck, stuck) - zabosti
ban - zabraniti
practice - praktikovati
survive - preživeti
destroy - uništiti
influence - uticati
interact - vršiti interakciju
possess - obuzeti, opsednuti
gather - okupiti
honour - odati poštu
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
evil - zli
exact - tačan
local - ovdašnji
official - zvanični
alone - sam, samostalan
familiar - poznat
painful - bolan
elsewhere - na drugim mestima
alive - živ
human - ljudski
steady - ujednačen, stabilan
complex - složen, kompleksan
guiding - vodeći
-

 

Synonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

sacrifice – offer, oblation
zombie – living dead
pin – needle
rhythm – beat
force – power
religion – religious belief
origin – root, source, beginning
root – origins, heritage
cradle – crib
nation – country, state
spirit – soul
follower – believer, admirer
slave – servant
ancestor – ascendant, ascendant, forefather
transition – convert , change
essence – essential part
nature – environment
god – deity, divinity, immortal, Supreme Being
activity – action
trance – unconsciousness, daze, dream
drumming – beating
community – association

 

stick (stuck, stuck) – stab
ban – prohibit, forbid
survive – pull through, make it
destroy – demolish
influence – affect
interact – communicate
possess – control
gather – collect, assemble
honour – celebrate

 

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

evil – bad, wicked
exact – correct, true
local – regional   
official – formal
alone – only (adverb)
familiar – well – known, friendly
painful – difficult
elsewhere – somewhere else
alive – living
human – manlike
steady – consistent, constant
complex – difficult
guiding – leading

 

 

 

Antonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

zombie - angel, god, entity
religion - atheism
follower - opponent
slave - master
ancestor - descendant
transition - stagnation, finish
activity - inactivity, inaction
trance - consciousness

stick (stuck, stuck) - stop, halt
ban - permit, allow
practice - relax, rest
survive - die, give up
destroy - create, mend, repair
influence - discourage, prevent
interact - disconnect
possess - neglect
gather - dissemble, leave, separate

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

evil - good, kind, nice
exact - imprecise, inaccurate
local - foreign
official -unofficial
alone - together
familiar - unfamiliar, unfriendly
painful - painless
alive - dead, deceased
human - immortal, inhuman
steady - unstable, weak
complex - simple, obvious
guiding - confusing, puzzling

 


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