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Kurs: -- English - Intermediate

Modul: Past Simple Tense

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: The Tuxedo

Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test the tuxedo
- Test the tuxedo
- The Tuxedo (PDF dokument)

You might not know that the tuxedo, that subtle symbol of elegance, is more than 100 years old. It is interesting to find out how it got its name and why it's called "smoking" in some European countries.

The story begins with a famous family named Lorillard, which built up a vast tobacco empire in America, after emigrating from France. The family was so rich that when one of its members of family died, the journalist writing about it, decided to invent the word "millionaire".

The family owned great houses in New York and Newport. One of their properties, an expensive piece of land 40 miles northwest of New York was called Tuxedo. Before they got it, it belonged to the Indians. The word tuxedo in Indian means "The Home of the Bear". The estate was transformed into a playground for the rich. It was a luxurious place equipped with all "toys" a person could imagine. It was also known as: Tuxedo Park. On its opening night, the son of the owner appeared in his smoking jacket. This wouldn't be a problem today, but at the time, it was a shock. All male guests were dressed traditionally. They wore tails, and white shirts with white bow ties. By that time, short black jacket, that the young man had on, had only been worn in the presence of other men in the smoking room, not in the presence of women.

The first time is always the most difficult, they say. After this shocking event, it was accepted first by the casual Americans, and became known as "tuxedo". It is today known by many other names: "black tie", "dinner jacket" and even "DJ".

Always traditional English accepted it a little bit later, when one of the royal family members started wearing it.

Only in Europe has the tuxedo maintained its original name "smoking".

Today, it is considered to be a symbol of good taste. It is worn at all major events. We can see it on TV and in magazines. A proper star always takes care to wear one whenever there's a chance. The English prefer black dinner jacket, but the American are more flexible, they even prefer white ones at weddings. In America, pastel tuxedo is popular as well.

A proper tuxedo is an expensive thing to buy. If you really want to dazzle someone you should get the tuxedo which was made by one of the popular designers and they're never cheap. And there are always additional pieces that go with it: studs, cuff links, and a good pair of shoes. You spend too much money on a thing that you wear on such rare occasions. But the Americans found a solution to the problem – they rent one and feel like one of the most handsome men who brought glory on the tuxedo - James Bond.


Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
tuxedo – smoking
tobacco – duvan
Empire – imperija, carstvo
property – imanje, vlasništvo
estate – imanje, posed
opening night- otvaranje
tail – frak
bow tie – leptir mašna
stud – dugme za kragnu, okovratnik
cuff links – manšete, dugmad za manšetu
solution – rešenje
find out – saznati
equip – opremiti
invent – izmisliti, izumeti
maintain – zadržati, održati
dazzle – zadiviti
transform into – pretvoriti u
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
subtle – suptilan
vast – ogroman
male – muški
major – veliki
proper – pravi, ispravan
rare – redak



Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

tuxedo – black tie, dinner jacket, tux
empire – kingdom
property – possessions, belongings
estate – area 
tail – cutaway
stud – rivet
solution – answer, resolution


find out – discover, detect
equip – supply, provide for
invent – create, produce, design
maintain – preserve, sustain, carry on,
dazzle – impress, amaze, fascinate


Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

subtle – delicate
vast – huge, massive, enormous, great
major – important, vital, great
proper – real, genuine
rare – uncommon, unusual, exceptional






Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

opening night- closing, ending

tail – front

solution – problem, question

find out – cover, hide, ignore

equip – leave plain

invent – destroy, end

maintain – destroy, finish

dazzle – expect, calm, bore

transform into – keep, remain, preserve

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

subtle – unsubtle

vast – small, tiny, trivial

male – female

major – small, minor

proper – improper

rare – common, usual



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