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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: -- English - Intermediate

Modul: Adjectives

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Qualities Of a Good Friend


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test qualities of a good friend
- Test qualities of a good friend
- Qualities Of a Good Friend (PDF dokument)



The old saying is true: good friends are hard to find. It can be hard to not only maintain friendships but also to determine if a friendship is a healthy one. There are many qualities of a good friend to consider, and the following are just a few you should consider when spending time with old friends and making new ones.

Be real. Are you trying to be friends with someone to be accepted into a certain clique, or because you'd like to get to know someone else that he or she knows? Every new person you meet has the right to be accepted (or not) on his or her own merits, it's better to just be yourself than let anyone else influence you into being someone you are not. Remember, it's better to be hated for who you are, than to be liked for who you aren't. Actors are very easy to see through. Stop acting, start being yourself.

Be honest. A dishonest person has no chance of having true friends. Keep your promises; do what you say you are going to do, and most importantly, don't lie! Lying is when you say "Okay, I will...", but you never do: people will eventually figure you out. People aren't stupid! Don't underestimate your friends. You'll stay without them and it will be a great loss.

Be loyal. If your friend tells you something in confidence, don't talk about it to anyone else. Don't discuss your friend behind his/her back except when it involves the other person, and you won't just make it worse. Nobody likes a gossip or backstabber. But, you can't play both sides of a game or of the fence. Agree with one or the other  not with both sides! But don't accuse either one without a real reason. Always think through carefully before any actions. Don't regret after.

Be respectful. Things you and your friend discuss should be treated with care. Your friend is not sharing this information with just anyone, and may not want to. She or he shared it with you, and only you, as far as you know. If you are asked not to tell, stay consistent and don't share the information.

Pitch in for friends during times of crisis. If your friend has to go to the hospital, you could help pack his or her bags, if her/his dog runs away, help to find it, if he/she needs someone to pick him/her up, be there. Don't make any excuses if you really don't have the real ones.

If your friend is going through a crisis, don't say: "Everything is going to be all right." if it's not going to be. It's hard not to say that sometimes, but false reassurance can often be worse than none, and it may undermine your friend's ability to get through the crisis. Stay honest, but upbeat and positive. Even a stranger would appreciate a sincere word or possibly a gesture of a "quick" hug, or a hand rubbed across the back for just "a moment," but don't overdo it. It can be misinterpreted. You never know how somebody will react. Being moderate is always the best choice.

Give advice, add perspective. Don't judge your friend, but do advise to stay out of dangerous situations where one may harm oneself or others. Tell him/her how you perceive his/her situation, and what you might do in the same circumstances. Avoid saying "You should...". That may feel like you are imposing "shoulds" upon your friend. You will probably sound like his or her mother. Nobody likes that.

Give your friend space. Understand if he/she wants to be alone or hang out with other people. Allow it to happen. Don't become obsessive, clingy or needy. Friendship doesn't require that you always have to be paired together. Allowing one another the time to hang with other friends gives you much-needed breathing room.

Don't be selfish. Grabbing, stealing, envying and/or begging are big No's in the rules of friendship. The friend will soon get tired of this and eventually move towards more selfless people. Bear that in mind.

Don't expect, demand or abuse generosity or "wear out your welcome." When your friend does something nice for you, then reciprocate quickly. Money isn't, or doesn't have to be, an issue. Surprise your friend when he or she least expects it.

Don't compare labels, prices, size and value.

Don't let your friend pay every time you go out, even if it's offered.

Go home when it seems like the time is right, don't be like furniture. Reach for the doorknob and say "Bye." turn the knob, leave... No one wants to be friends with a moocher or to feel used.

If you borrow something from a friend, take good care of it and then return it without being asked. Don't use that awful phrase: "Oh, I'll bring it tomorrow" and you never do that. A good friend never does that.

 

Vocabulary

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
clique – družina, grupa
merit – vrlina, zasluga, odlika, vrednost
influence – uticaj
confidence – poverenje, pouzdanje
gossip – ogovaranje
backstabber – neko ko drugom zabija nož u leđa    ( idiom)
reassurance – ubeđivanje, uveravanje
ability – sposobnost, veština
gesture – gest
circumstance – prilika, okolnost
generosity – velikodušnost, darežljivost
issue – pitanje, tema
label – etiketa, nalepnica
doorknob – kvaka
moocher – besposličar, vucibatina, dokoličar, gotovan
henpecked husband – papučar
maintain – održavati
determine – odlučiti, određivati, utvrditi
consider – smatrati, uzeti u obzir
figure out – shvatiti
play of the fence – ograditi se
accuse – optužiti
pitch in – pomoći
undermine – minirati, potkopati, narušiti
appreciate - ceniti
overdo – preterati
judge – suditi
require – zahtevati
grab – zgrabiti
envy – zavideti
beg – moliti
demand – zahtevati
abuse – zloupotrebiti
reciprocate – vratiti, odužiti se
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
dishonest – nepošten
eventually – konačno, najzad
respectful – učtiv, pun poštovanja
upbeat – optimističan
sincere – iskren
consistent - dosledan
clingy – nametljiv; kad se neko prilepi, ne želi da se odvoji od vas ( deca npr.)
needy – siromašan, oskudan, nikakav, potreban,
selfish - sebičan
persistent – uporan
selfless - nesebičan
 -

 

Synonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

clique – group, set, crowd, pack, circle, crew (informal)
merit – worth, virtue, quality
influence – impact
confidence – trust, belief, faith, dependence, reliance, credence
gossip – hearsay, tittle-tattle
backstabber – betrayer, Brutus, double-crosser, fink, informer, Judas, quisling, snake in the grass
ability – capability
circumstance – situation
generosity – unselfishness
issue –  matter, topic, subject
doorknob – door-handle
moocher – cadger

 

maintain – preserve, save
determine – decide
consider –  think, see, believe
figure out – puzzle out, solve, lick, work out, work
accuse – incriminate, impeach
pitch in – to cooperate or contribute
undermine –  weaken, compromise
appreciate – value, regard, respect, prize, admire
overdo –  exaggerate, overstate, overuse
judge – evaluate, rank, value
require – need, want
grab – catch, grasp
envy – be jealous (of), begrudge, covet
beg – call for, request
demand –  call for, request,want
abuse – ill-treat, ill-use, maltreat, mistreat
reciprocate – return, respond

 

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
dishonest – dishonorable, deceitful
eventually – in the end, finally, after all
respectful – polite, civil, mannerly, humble
upbeat – positive, optimistic, promising, encouraging
sincere – honest, genuine, real, true, frank, open
consistent – constant, persistent
needy – destitute, impoverished
selfish – self-centred, self-interested, greedy, egoistic
persistent – determined, dogged
selfless – unselfish, altruistic
 -

 

Antonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

clique – individual

merit – disadvantage, dishonor

influence – unimportance, insignificance

confidence – disbelief, distrust

gossip – silence

reassurance – discouragement, distrust, doubt

ability – inability, incompetence

circumstance – plan

generosity – selfishness

issue – agreement

maintain – destroy, give up

determine – hesitate, doubt

consider – disregard

figure out – ignore, neglect

accuse – free, let go

pitch in – hurt

undermine –assist, encourage

appreciate - criticize

overdo – ignore, neglect

judge – neglect, ignore, overlook

require – dislike

grab – give, let go

envy – dislike, hate

beg – give

demand – give, grant

abuse – treat well, please, protect

reciprocate – request, take

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

dishonest – frank, truthful

eventually – never

respectful – disrespectful, impolite

upbeat – pessimistic

sincere – insincere

consistent - inconsistent, unreasonable

clingy – separated

needy – privileged

selfish - unselfish

persistent – disloyal, unstable

selfless - selfish

 

 


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