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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: --- English - Upper-Intermediate

Modul: Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Prehistoric Cat Lovers


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test prehistoric cat lovers
- Test prehistoric cat lovers
- Prehistoric Cat Lovers (PDF dokument)



Among the many accomplishments of ancient Egypt, the domestication of cats surely ranks as one of the most important – at least to cat lovers. These slinky little predators came in handy for controlling the mice and rats that ravaged grain stores, but they also stole Egyptian hearts. Often, when a beloved cat died, it was mummified and interred on temple grounds. Grief-stricken owners shaved off their eyebrows and left small bowls of milk and toys at the grave so he could drink and play in the other world. To this day, the cats of Cairo are many and adored.

New archaeological findings now suggest that the Egyptians weren’t the original cat tamers after all. For at least 4,000 years before Egyptians built temples along the Nile, primitive agricultural tribes had made felines not only pets but also, possibly, object of reverence. In last weeks’ Science, researches described a complete cat skeleton found near the grave of a human in a Neolithic village on the island of Cyprus. About 9,500 years old, the skeleton, they say, shows all the signs of having had a burial with some religious significance: the animal had been placed in its own small pit, intact, with no sign of having been mauled by a predator – or butchered. A statue of a cat similar to stone and clay figurines found at sites in Syria, Turkey and Israel also turned up in the village.

It’s unclear what prompted these Neolithic farmers to domesticate cats rather than eat them. The farmers probably came to Cyprus from Turkey and Syria seeking fresh land. They built round houses of mud, buried their dead beneath the floor, herded sheep and goats, and planted grains, all practices imported from the Continent. They also brought cats, which aren’t native to the island.

The measurements of the skeleton found at the village suggest the type of African wild cat known as a Felis silvestris lybica. It may have looked like a tabby, with a striped brownish or sandy-yellow coat and a ringed tail. Its face and teeth were bigger than those of the modern domestic cat, Felis catus, and its limbs were longer. The skeleton belonged to an eight-month-old, probably a tom, so it may have been killed intentionally, to be buried along with its owner.

The cat was clearly important, as was its owner: the grave contained polished stone, axes and flint tools – an abundance of objects unmatched by any other grave of that time in Cyprus. “The rich offering suggest a special social status and, consequently, special relationships with the animals,” says the study’s coauthor, Jean Denis Vigne, research director at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. It’s impossible to tell much more about cat-people relationships in Neolithic times, but one thing is certain, cats played a great role as they do today.

Taken from Newsweek, written by Temma Enrenfeld

 

Vocabulary

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
accomplishment- dostignuće, podvig
domestication- pripitomljavanje
predator- grabljivica
grain store- skladište za žitarice
temple- hram
eyebrow- obrva
tamer- ukrotitelj, koji pripitomljava
tribe- pleme
feline- životinja iz porodice mačaka
reverence- poštovanje, divljenje
burial- ukop, sahrana
significance- značaj
pit- jama
clay- glina
goat- koza
measurement- mera
tabby- prugasta mačka
limbs- udovi, ekstremiteti
tom- mačak
axe- sekira
flint- kremen
abundance- obilje
rank- rangirati
ravage- opustošiti
mummify- mumificirati
inter- zakopati, sahraniti
maul- povrediti
butcher- iskasapiti
turn up- pojaviti se
prompt- izazvati
seek- tražiti
herd- čuvati stoku
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
slinky- graciozan, vitak
handy- vešt, pri ruci
beloved- voljen, omiljen
grief-stricken- pogođen bolom
intact- netaknut
striped- prugast
brownish- braonkast
ringed- sa prstenovima, sa kolutima
intentionally- namerno
along with- zajedno sa
consequently- stoga, zbog toga
 -

 

Synonyms

Nouns (imenice):

Verbs (glagoli):

Accomplishment - achievement, triumph

domestication -  tameness

temple - sanctuary, holy place, place of worship, house of God

tribe -  ethnic group

feline -  catlike, leonine

reverence -  respect, honour, worship, admiration

burial -  funeral

significance -  importance

pit -  hole

measurement -  dimension

tabby -  striped, stripy

tom -  tomcat

axe -  hatchet

abundance -  plenty

Rank - arrange, sort, position, range

Ravage -  destroy, ruin, devastate, wreck

mummify -  embalm

inter -  bury

mau l-  injure

butcher -  slaughter, carve, cut up

turn up -  show up

prompt -  cause, stimulate, provoke

seek -  look for, search

herd -  guide, shepherd

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):

Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

Slinky -  graceful

Handy -  useful, helpful, skilful

Beloved -  admired, precious, worshiped

Grief –stricken -  grieving, mourning, sorrowing

Intact -  inviolate

Striped -  banded, stripy

Brownish -  brown, chocolate-brown, dark - brown

ringed -  ring-shaped

intentionally - by choice, by design, deliberately, on purpose

consequently -  thus, therefore, accordingly

-

 

Antonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

accomplishment- failure, forfeit

reverence- dishonor, disrespect

significance- insignificance, unimportance

abundance- few, scarcity, poverty

rank- disorder, disarrange

ravage- build, construct, improve

inter-dig up, exhume

maul- protect, aid, assist

turn up- depart, leave, abandon

prompt- hinder, hide

seek- find

herd- lose

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

handy- unhandy, unavailable, worthless

beloved- disliked, hated

intact- damaged, imperfect, flawed

intentionally- accidentally, unintentionally

 

 


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