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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: -- English - Pre-Intermediate

Modul: Past Simple Tense

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Past Simple Tense


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test past simple tense
- Past Simple Tense (PDF dokument)



The Past Simple Tense (prošlo prosto vreme) glagola TO BE

Potvrdni oblik

Potvrdni oblik glagol TO BE (biti) u prostom prošlom vremenu glasi:

Jednina (singular)  Množina (plural)
I was – Ja sam bio We were – Mi smo bili
You were – Ti si bio You were – Vi ste bili

He was – On je bio

She was – Ona je bila
It was – Ono je bilo

They were – Oni su bili

 

  • I was at the theatre last night. - Ja sam sinoć bio u pozorištu.
  • My sister and her best friend were in London three years ago. - Moja sestra i njen najbolji prijatelj su pre tri godine bili u Londonu.
  • David was in Sarajevo last summer. - Dejvid je bio u Sarajevu prošlog leta.


Upitni oblik

Upitni oblik glagola TO BE u Simple Past Tense-u se gradi inverzijom glagola TO BE i lične zamenice.

Upitni oblik – Yes/No questions 

 Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
Was I? – Da li sam ja bio? Were we? – Da li smo mi bili?
Were you? – Da li si ti bio? Were you? – Da li ste vi bili?
Was he? – Da li je on bio?
Was she? – Da li je ona bila?
Was it? – Da li ono bilo?
Were they? – Da li su oni bili?

 

 Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na sledeći način:

 Jednina (singular)Množina (plural) 
Was I? – Yes, I was / No, I wasn't Were we? – Yes, we were / No, we weren't
Were you? – Yes, you were / No, you weren't Were you? – Yes, you were / No, you weren't
Was he? – Yes, he was / No, he wasn't
Was she? – Yes, she was / No, she wasn't             
Was it? – Yes, it was / No, it wasn't
Were they? - Yes, they were / No, they weren't

 

Upitni oblik – Wh- questions

 Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
Where was I? – Gde sam ja bio?    Where were we? – Gde smo i bili?
Where were you? – Gde si ti bio? Where were you? – Gde ste vi bili?
Where was he? – Gde je on bio?
Where was she? – Gde je ona bila?
Where was it? – Gde je ono bilo?
Where were they? – Gde su oni bili?

 

  • Were you at home last night? - Da li si sinoć bio kod kuće?
  • Were your parents in Belgrade last summer? - Da li su tvoji roditelji bili u Beogradu prošlog leta?
  • Was I clear? - Da li sam bio jasan?
  • Where were Marko and Sandra three days ago? - Gde su bili Marko i Sandra pre tri dana?
  • Why was he here? - Zašto je on bio ovde?


Odrični oblik

Odrični oblik glagola TO BE u Past Simple Tense-u (Prošlom prostom vremenu) glasi:

  Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
I was not (wasn't) – Ja nisam bio    We were not (weren't) – Mi nismo bili 
You were not (weren't) – Ti nisi bio You were not (weren't) – Vi niste bili
He was not (wasn't) – On nije bio
She was not (wasn't) – Ona nije bila
It was not (wasn't) – Ono nije bilo
They were not (weren't) – Oni nisu bili

 

  • My father wasn't here yesterday. - Moj otac juče nije bio ovde.
  • Her sister and John weren't in Madrid last summer. - Njen sestra i Džon nisu bili u Madridu prošlog leta.
  • Sandra wasn't happy when she was a child. - Sandra nije bila srećna kada je bila dete.
  • I wasn't ill yesterday. - Juče nisam bio bolestan.



The Simple Past Tense (prosto prošlo vreme)

Simple Past Tense (Prosto prošlo vreme) pravilnih glagola se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to) i nastavka –ed.


Potvrdni oblik

  Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
I worked – Ja sam radio  We worked – Mi smo radili
You worked – Ti si radio You worked – Vi ste radili
He worked – On je radio
She worked – Ona je radila
It worked – Ono je radilo
They worked – Oni su radili

 

Ako se infinitiv glagola završava na –e, nastavak glasi –d

  • He closed (close – zatvoriti)


Ako se glagol završava na –y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik, –y prelazi u –i.

  • He cried (cry -plakati)


Ako je ispred –y samoglasnik, nema promene.

  • She played (play – igrati)
  • He stayed (stay – ostati)


Ukoliko se infinitiv završava na jedan suglasnik ispred koga je kratak, naglašen samoglasnik, taj krajnji suglasnik se podvostručava pred nastavkom za Simple Past Tense.

  • plan – planned (planirati)
  • stop – stopped (zaustaviti)


Nepravilni glagoli imaju posebne oblike za prošlo vreme i oni se uče napamet.


Upitni oblik

Upitni oblik glagola u Simple Past Tense-u se gradi od pomoćnog glagola Do u prošlom vremenu koji glasi Did i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola.

Upitni oblik – Yes/No questions

 Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
Did I work? – Da li sam ja radio?   Did we work? – Da li smo mi radili?
Did you work? – Da li si ti radio?  Did you work? – Da li ste vi radili?
Did he work? – Da li je on radio?
Did she work? – Da li je ona radila?
Did it work? – Da li je ono radilo?
Did they work? – Da li su oni radili?

 

Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na sledeći način:

 Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
Did I work? – Yes, I did / No, I didn’t Did we work? – Yes, we did / No, we didn’t
Did you work? – Yes, you did / No, you didn’t  Did you work? – Yes you did / No, you didn’t
Did he work? – Yes, he did / No, he didn’t
Did she work? – Yes, she did / No, she didn’t
Did it work? – Yes, it did / No, it didn’t
Did they work? – Yes, they did / No, they didn’t

 

Upitni oblik – Wh- questions

 Jednina (singular) Množina (plural)
Where did I work? – Gde sam ja radio?    Where did we work? – Gde smo mi radili?
Where did you work? – Gde si ti radio? Where did you work? – Gde ste vi radili?
Where did he work? – Gde je on radio?
Where did she work? – Gde je ona radila?
Where did it work? – Gde ono radilo?
Where did they work? – Gde su oni radili?

 

Nepravilni glagoli grade upitni oblik na isti način. 
 
Subjekatska pitanja (Subject questions)

Kada je upitna reč subjekat rečenice, glagol stoji u potvrdnom obliku. Ovakvo pitanje se naziva subjekatsko. U rečenici:

Who told you that? (Ko ti je to rekao?) Who je subjekat, za razliku od:

Who did you see last night? (Koga si video sinoć?) gde je Who objekat.


Odrični oblik

Odrični oblik se gradi od odričnog oblika pomoćnog glagola Do u prošlom vremenu i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola.

 Jednina (singular)  Množina (plural)
I did not (didn't) work – Ja nisam radio    We did not (didn't) work – Mi nismo radili
You did not (didn't) work – Ti nisi radio You did not (didn't) work – Vi niste radili
He did not (didn't) work – On nije radio
She did not (didn't) work – Ona nije radila
It did not (didn't) work – Ono nije radilo
They did not (didn't) work – Oni nisu radili


 

Nepravilni glagoli grade odrični oblik na isti način.


Upotreba

Prosto prošlo vreme se koristi za radnju koja je završena u prošlosti. Karakteristične vremenske odrednice uz koje se upotrebljava su:

Yesterday – juče,
the day before yesterday – prekjuče,
two years ago – pre dve godine, 
three hours ago – pre tri sata,
last Monday – prošlog ponedeljka,
last year – prošle godine,
in 1977 – 1977.-e i sl.

  • I worked in a shop last year. - Radio sam u prodavnici prošle godine.
  • My brother finished his homework an hour ago. - Moj brat je završio domaći pre sat vremena.
  • Last week we decided to buy a new house. - Prošle nedelje smo odlučili da kupimo novu kuću.
  • Sandra closed the window a few minutes ago. - Sandra je zatvorila prozor pre nekoliko minuta.
  • My father built this house in 1997. - Moj otac je sagradio ovu kuću 1997.-e
  • The day before yesterday Marko bought a nice hat. - Prekjuče je Marko kupio lep šešir.

Smatrate da je ova lekcija korisna?  Preporučite je. Broj preporuka:7


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