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Kurs: -- English - Starter

Modul: Past Simple TO BE

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: Past Simple TO BE


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test past simple to be
- Past Simple TO BE (PDF dokument)



 

The Simple Past Tense (prosto prošlo vreme) glagola TO BE

 

Potvrdni oblik

 

Potvrdni oblik glagol TO BE (biti) u prostom prošlom vremenu glasi:

 

Jednina (singular)Množina (plural)
I was – Ja sam bio  We were – Mi smo bili
You were – Ti si bio You were – Vi ste bili
He was – On je bio
She was – Ona je bila
It was – Ono je bilo
They were – Oni su bili

 

  • I was at the theatre last night. - Ja sam sinoć bio u pozorištu.
  • My sister and her best friend were in London three years ago. - Moja sestra i njen najbolji prijatelj su pre tri godine bili u Londonu.
  • David was in Sarajevo last summer. - Dejvid je bio u Sarajevu prošlog leta.

 

Upitni oblik

 

Upitni oblik glagola TO BE u Simple Past Tense-u se gradi inverzijom glagola TO BE i lične zamenice.

 

Upitni oblik – Yes/No questions

 

Jednina (singular)Množina (plural)
Was I? – Da li sam ja bio?  Were we? – Da li smo mi bili?
Were you? – Da li si ti bio?  Were you? – Da li ste vi bili?
Was he? – Da li je on bio?
Was she? – Da li je ona bila?
Was it? – Da li ono bilo?
Were they? – Da li su oni bili?

 

Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na sledeći način:

  • Was I? – Yes, I was / No, I wasn’t.                  
  • Were you? – Yes, you were / No, you weren’t.
  • Was he? – Yes, he was / No, he wasn’t.           
  • Was she? – Yes, she was / No, she wasn’t.
  • Was it? – Yes, it was / No, it wasn’t.
  • Were we? – Yes, we were / No, we weren’t.
  • Were you? – Yes, you were / No, you weren’t.
  • Were they? – Yes, they were / No, they weren’t.

 

Upitni oblik – Wh- questions

 

Jednina (singular)Množina (plural)
Where was I? – Gde sam ja bio?  Where were we? – Gde smo mi bili?
Where were you? – Gde si ti bio?  Where were you? – Gde ste vi bili?
Where was he? – Gde je on bio?
Where was she? – Gde je ona bila?
Where was it? – Gde je ono bilo?
Where were they? – Gde su oni bili?

 

  • Were your parents in Belgrade last summer? - Da li su tvoji roditelji bili u Beogradu prošlog leta?
  • Was I clear? - Da li sam bio jasan?
  • Where were Marko and Sandra three days ago? - Gde su bili Marko i Sandra pre tri dana?
  • Why was he here? - Zašto je on bio ovde?

 

Odrični oblik

 

Odrični oblik glagola TO BE u Past Simple Tense-u (Prošlom prostom vremenu) glasi:

 

Jednina (singular)Množina (plural)
I was not (wasn`t) – Ja nisam bio We were not (weren`t) – Mi nismo bili
You were not (weren`t) – Ti nisi bio You were not (weren`t) – Vi niste bili
He was not (wasn`t) – On nije bio
She was not wasn`t) – Ona nije bila
It was not (wasn`t) – Ono nije bilo
They were not (weren`t) – Oni nisu bili

 

  • My father wasn`t here yesterday. - Moj otac juče nije bio ovde.
  • Her sister and John weren`t in Madrid last summer. - Njena sestra i Džon nisu bili u Madridu prošlog leta.
  • Sandra wasn`t happy when she was a child. - Sandra nije bila srećna kada je bila dete.

 

Upotreba

Prosto prošlo vreme se koristi za radnju koja je završena u prošlosti. Karakteristične vremenske odrednice uz koje se upotrebljava su: yesterday – juče, the day before yesterday – prekjuče, two years ago – pre dve godine, three hours ago – pre tri sata, last Monday – prošlog ponedeljka, last year – prošle nedelje, in 1977 – 1977.-e i sl.

  • Were you at home last night? - Da li si sinoć bio kod kuće?
  • I wasn`t ill yesterday. - Juče nisam bio bolestan.
  • We were in Italy two years ago. - Bili smo u Italiji pre dve godine.
  • They were in Venice in 1998. - Bili su u Veneciji 1998-e.

 


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