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BAZA ZNANJA


Kurs: --- English - Upper-Intermediate

Modul: Clauses of Purpose

Autor: prof. Gordana Matorkić

Naziv jedinice: And a Meatloaf to Go


Materijali vezani uz ovu lekciju:

- Test and a meatloaf to go
- Test and a meatloaf to go
- And a Meatloaf to Go (PDF dokument)



American families want to eat together, they just don't want to cook. No wonder the kitchen is always so clean.

By the hundreds, the cook books roll off the presses, diet cookbooks and dessert cookbooks; cookbooks for the cuisines of Sri Lanka, South Africa and Canada; berry cookbooks, cherry cookbooks and a cookbook for people with the unusual problem of what to do with a lemon. And then there are racks full of cooking magazines, newspaper recipe columns and even a TV network for people who need to know how to fillet a sea bass at 3 a.m. That is, people like Karen and Ken Mullin, a young professional couple in Cleveland, who subscribe to three cooking magazines and have two fully equipped kitchens in their house. And all so that on their way home from work they can stop off at the supermarket and boldly choose... two portions of meat loaf and a container of mashed potatoes. "My job," says Karen, "is to pour the salad from the bag".

According to the influential food-industry researches at the NPD Group, the proportion of American dinners that came out from a takeout counter or a grocery freezer increased by 24 percent in the past decade. "We thought the microwave would be a cooking appliance",  says NPD vice president Harry Balzer; instead it found its apotheosis in reheating takeout macaroni and cheese.


Jeffery Sobal,a nutritional sociologist at Corne University in New York, thinks the trend toward healthier eating is responsible: Americans have finally gotten the message that it's bad to eat a bucket of fried chicken larger than wastebasket, so they're doing it at home where no one can see them.

Of course there are people you wouldn't expect to cook at home, like Steve Traxler, an unmarried Chicago theatre producer, whose refrigerator contains little more than orange juice, wine and leftovers. Or empty nesters like Pearlie Carter, 68, who put in her time cooking for her family and is perfectly happy to buy Thai steak strips or teriyaki chicken breasts at the ultrafancy Shaw's supermarket in downtown Boston.

Well, somebody must be using those cookbooks, right? "People don't have time to cook; I think they're reading them in bed", says Rozanne Gold, the author of a popular series of cookbooks.

It's not entirely a question of time. The takeout boom is fuelled, in part, by the popularity of foods like sushi, which even adventuresome American cooks are unlikely to try to make at home. And takeout fills another need as well, for the phenomenology of the home-cooked dinner: the family gathered at its own table, the familiar smells and tastes, the pure white of the mashed potatoes against the golden skin of the chicken. As for those lemons... maybe we can just squeeze them over the broccoli florets with sesame-ginger dressing instead.

Adapted from Newsweek, article written by Jerry Adler

 

Vocabulary

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):
meat loaf- rolat od mesa
cuisine- kuhinja, stil kuvanja
rack- polica
recipe- recept za spremanje hrane
bass- grgeč
portion- porcija
mashed potatoes- krompir pire
bucket- kofa, velika količina
takeout counter- mesto gde se kupuje
hrana za poneti
appliance- uređaj
apotheosis- apoteoza, obožavanje
reheating- podgrevanje
wastebasket- korpa za otpatke
leftovers- ostaci
steak- šnicla, odrezak
strip- parče
empty nester- osoba koja živi sama
boom- porast, procvat
broccoli- prokuli
floret- cvetić
sesame- susam
ginger- đumbir
dressing- preliv
fillet- iseći na filete
subscribe- pretplatiti se
pour- sipati
increase- povećati se
put in time- provesti vreme
fuel- stimulisati, podstaći
gather- okupiti se
Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):
equipped- opremljen
boldly- hrabro, bez ustezanja
entirely- u potpunosti, sasvim
ultrafancy- super moderno
adventuresome- avanturistički
familiar- poznat
pure- čisto
 -

 

Synonyms

Nouns (imenice):

Verbs (glagoli): 

Rack -  holder, shelf

Recipe - directions, instructions,

Bucket - pail, loads

Appliance -  gadget, device, tool

Apotheosis - deification, elevation,

Strip -  piece

Boom -  expansion, increase,

Floret -  floweret

Dressing -  topping, frosting, icing

Subscribe -pay a subscription

Increase - raise, grow

Fuel -  stimulate, encourage

Gather -  assemble, collect, group

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):

Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

Equipped -  furnished

entirely -  completely, totally, perfectly

adventuresome - adventurous

familiar -  well-known

pure - clean

-

 

Antonyms

Nouns (imenice):Verbs (glagoli):

recipe- ingredient

portion- peace

reheating- freeze, cool

leftovers- main meal

strip- whole

boom- collapse, loss, failure

subscribe- unsubscribe

increase- decrease, decline, drop

put in time- save

fuel- de-energise, discourage

gather- divide, separate

Adjectives and adverbs
(pridevi i prilozi):
Prepositions and conjunctions
(predlozi i veznici):

boldly- cowardly, cautiously

entirely- partially, incompletely

familiar- unfamiliar, uncommon, unusual

pure- unclear, dirty

 

 

 


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